Fertility is an extremely complex feature. It depends on so many factors and could be easily disturbed by irregularity in even one of them. It is a mistake to think that our fertility depends only on age and health. Fertility is a delicate and sensitive issue that can affect almost every element of our lives. The effect of some factors on fertility is not immediate. They often only increase the risk of irregular menstrual cycles and hormonal fluctuations. In the meantime, they may be the direct reason for extending our efforts to have a baby. We should not neglect their influence. One of the most crucial factor of both female and male fertility is diet – the proper one can maintain or even restore couple’s capacity to procreate but at the same time wrong diet could be a main reason why partners try unsuccessfully to conceive for long period of time.

If you are planning to expand your family you should look at what you eat every day. Nutrition deficiencies can make it difficult to conceive. What we put on our plate affects not only our appearance and wellbeing, but also the functioning of the whole organism and its processes – also those of fertility. There are ingredients that significantly increase the chances of a child being and those that the couple striving for offspring should especially avoid. Remember that fertilization is a challenge for our body – if it is not prepared properly it will just not take it.

Medicine confirms the relationship between nutrition and fertility. Properly balanced diet ensures optimum body weight, which means avoiding overweight but also underweight – both situations can adversely affect fertility. The future parent’s menu should be varied, made up of valuable, the least processed products that contain most of the ingredients necessary for proper functioning of the body. Proper diet regards nutrients, amount of food and is diversity[1]. This will ensure you good health, and thus proper functioning of the reproductive organs. Studies have shown that some food ingredients are particularly important for fertility. What ingredients must be included in your diet if you want to improve male and female fertility and facilitate pregnancy?

Diet for male fertility

Studies have confirmed that a properly balanced diet rich in selenium (fish, nuts), zinc (oysters, mussels, sea fish, sunflower seeds, pumpkins, sesame seeds), vitamin B12 (fish, eggs, dairy products) increases the number of sperm and improves their mobility. Therefore, the diet of men planning to expand their family should be varied, consisting of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk, cheese and sea fish. Amount of food consumed daily should be designed to provide the right amount of zinc, selenium, magnesium, iron, folic acid, vitamins C and E, essential unsaturated fatty acids. Therefore men who want to improve their semen parameters are advised to enrich their diet with meals containing saltwater fish, vegetable oils or nuts.[2] Fertility can be boosted by foods rich in dietary fiber, such as coarse-grained bread, brown rice, beans, vegetables, and fresh fruit. It is also recommended to eat zinc rich sunflower seeds, pumpkin and sesame seeds. It is extremely important that adequate supply of antioxidants, including Vitamin C (fruit and vegetables) and vitamin E (vegetable oils).

Diet for female fertility

Inadequate intake  of folic acid by women at the reproductive age, including predominantly pregnant women, is dangerous to the developing embryo as it may affect placental abnormalities and cause birth defects or developmental defects in newborns. Most folate is found in dark green vegetables, especially spinach, brussels sprouts, cauliflower and broccoli. Both men and women should eat complex carbohydrates daily. These carbohydrates are slowly broken down into simple carbohydrates and moderately increase blood glucose levels, which prevents the body’s hormonal imbalance. The good sources of carbohydrate are brown rice, whole wheat bread, cereal.

In general the diet for prospective parents should be diversified, consist of healthy food with all the necessary nutrients. There should be sufficient amounts of micro and macro elements as well as vitamins and antioxidants. Also the couples trying to get pregnant should avoid coffee and other substances harmful for their health and fertility. In order to ensure the healthy diet partners need to put an extra effort but it pays off having them enjoy their offspring.

source: http://www.invictaclinics.com/diet-and-fertility/


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